I'm still posting about art at Alchemy of Clay.
My own life and my opinions are shared at When I was 69. I am adding my travels and Black Mountain notes there now.
This blog will continue, as I do family genealogy research, but probably just every other day for now.

REMEMBER: In North America, the month of September 1752 was exceptionally short, skipping 11 days, when the Gregorian Calendar was adapted from the old Julian one, which didn't have leap year days.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Where did Frederick Andrew Williams live?

My great times 4 grandfather was born in Orangeburg SC 13 Feb 1764, and  I've been exploring where he lived. He is on my mother's family tree.
Orangeburg SC - 18th Century: European settlement in this area started in 1704 when George Sterling set up a post here for fur trade with Native Americans. To encourage settlement, the General Assembly of the Province of South Carolina in 1730 organized the area as a township, naming it Orangeburg for William IVPrince of Orange, the son-in-law of King George IIof Great Britain. In 1735, a colony of 200 SwissGerman and Dutch immigrants formed a community near the banks of the North Edisto River. The site was attractive because of the fertile soil and the abundance of wildlife. The river provided the all-important transportation waterway to the port of Charleston on the Atlantic coast for the area's agriculture and lumber products, and for shipping goods upriver. The town soon became a well-established and successful colony, composed chiefly of small yeomen farmers.
Orangeburg's first church was established by a German Lutheran congregation. It later identified as an Anglican Church, which was the established church and exempt from colonial taxation. The church building was erected prior to 1763 in the center of the village; it was destroyed by fighting during the Revolutionary War. A new church was built; during the Civil War...
After the American Revolution, the character of the county changed dramatically. Invention by Eli Whitney of a mass-produced cotton gin for processing short-staple or "green seed" cotton made this type of cotton profitable. It was easily grown in the upland areas, and the county was rapidly developed into large cotton plantations. Agricultural labor was provided by enslaved African Americans.  SOURCE: Wikipedia
In 1780 Frederick Andrew Williams lived in Saxe-Gotha, listed on "the Petit Jury List for the "District of Orangeburgh." SOURCE: US Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820.
In 1785 Frederick married Casandra Tate (Casiah) in Orangeburg County, SC, and they had their first daughter's birth in 1785, recorded in present day Pickens County SC. It had been known as "Cherokee Territory. During the American Revolutionary War, the Cherokee sided with the Kingdom of Great Britain. (w)hen Great Britain was defeated in the war, the Cherokee were forced to surrender their land. In 1791, the state legislature established Washington District that comprises present-day Greenville, Anderson, Oconee, and Pickens County." (Wikipedia)
Their second daughter's birth in 1787 was recorded in Orangeburg County SC. 
By 1790 they lived in Kentucky where their daughter Nancy was born. Logan's Trace (trail) had led to Crab Orchard KY, as an offshoot from the Wilderness Rd. forged by Daniel Boone in 1775. Coming from South Carolina, I wonder if they would have come on the Wilderness Rd, which led from Virginia into Kentucky.

Their son, Richard Frederick Williams (soldier in War of 1812) was born in 1792 in Crab Orchard KY. There was another son Shadrack Waite Williams, who was born about the same time, but his life didn't get into any records, so he may have died young, while another Shadrack was born a few years later. And a daughter, Elizabeth Williams, was also born about the same time.
Daughter Mary Ann (Polly) Williams (Short) was born in Somerset, Pulaski KY in 1794. Somerset was founded by Thomas Hansford, another of my ancestors, and wasn't named Somerset until 1798) She married Rev. Samuel Short, who served in the new Friendship Baptist Church with his father-in-law, Frederick Andrew Williams, in Tennessee.

"Friendship Baptist Church was established June 8, 1826, only seven years after the Indians were removed from the area under the Hiwassee Cession of 1819.That makes Friendship the oldest church in what is now known as Polk Co., Tn.
"Frederick Williams, was the father in law to the first pastor of the church, Samual Short." Source:  Information from Brown Family Tree Robinwarner 1
Before 1820 Casaih and Frederick Williams had 6 more children in Somerset, Pulasky KY.
Then in the 1830 census, 66 year old Frederick Andrew Williams was lliving in McMinn County TN with his wife only. However, he is listed as owning 13 slaves. 
There was another Frederick Williams living in South Carolina and this Williams has (by a bill of sale) sold a slave, and received a South Carolina land grant...but those happened at the same time Frederick Andrew was farming and having his children in north central Kentucky, so I've deleted those records from my tree.
He wrote his will in 1831, August 21, in McMinn County TN. (It borders Polk County, TN) His surviving children were (in the will): Lavina Copenhaver, Elizabeth Prather, Richard, Polly Short, Robert, Daniel, Sally White, Patience Gardner, Shadrack, and Cassie Baker.  My records indicate his daughter Susanna Williams Hawkins was still alive and living in Polk County TN as well, but she wasn't mentioned in his will. His son Richard Frederick was to become my third great grandfather.
He died in Linsdale, Polk County, TN, (Nov. 18, 1831) and some records exist in Cleveland, Polk County, TN. He was buried in Linsdale, Polk County TN, near Benton, TN, in the Friendship Baptist Church Cemetery.
Casiah Williams was interred next to him when she died in 1851.

He has no parents that I've discovered on Ancestry, so I call him a primary ancestor.

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