Please ask permission before using any of my posts for other publications. I usually will say yes. This site is my family tree, or genealogy blog. Any errors are probably due to my own confusion, so I welcome comments. Or if you want to see my pottery stop by Alchemy of Clay. My photos of Living in Black Mountain NC extend to wherever I go. My own life and some history is shared at When I was 69.

Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Edward I "Longshanks" 23rd great grandfather

Edward I was a tall man for his era, (6 foot, 2 inches) hence the nickname "Longshanks". He was temperamental, and this, along with his height, made him an intimidating man, and he often instilled fear in his contemporaries. Nevertheless, he held the respect of his subjects for the way he embodied the medieval ideal of kingship, as a soldier, an administrator and a man of faith. Modern historians are divided on their assessment of Edward I: while some have praised him for his contribution to the law and administration, others have criticised him for his uncompromising attitude towards his nobility. Currently, Edward I is credited with many accomplishments during his reign, including restoring royal authority after the reign of Henry III, establishing Parliament as a permanent institution and thereby also a functional system for raising taxes, and reforming the law through statutes. At the same time, he is also often criticised for other actions, such as his brutal conduct towards the Welsh and Scots, and issuing the Edict of Expulsion in 1290, by which the Jews were expelled from England. The Edict remained in effect for the rest of the Middle Ages, and it was over 350 years until it was formally overturned under Oliver Cromwell in 1657. (Wikepedia)

Find a Grave UK gives a very brief bio of Edward I, 1239-1307.

English Monarch. The eldest son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence, he was known as Longshanks and "Hammer of the Scots". He ascended the throne upon the death of Henry in 1272, but was not formally crowned until August 19, 1274. He married Eleanor of Castile at Burgos, Spain on October 18, 1254. To her he was a loving and devoted, if not entirely faithful, husband and they had 16 children. After Eleanor's death in 1290, he married Margaret of France on September 8, 1299. They had three children. Much of Edward's reign was spent at war. He completed the conquest of Wales, defeating and uniting the Welsh marches, and defended his duchy of Gascony in France.
But the latter half of his reign would be consumed by trouble in Scotland. The death of the young Margaret, Maid of Norway left the throne of Scotland vacant, and Edward siezed upon the opportunity to establish his control. He appointed John Balliol to the throne, but retained direct rule over the Scots and Balliol. In 1297 William Wallace rebelled and recovered much of the country, but Edward crushed the rebellion, captured Wallace and had him executed. He then summoned a complete Parliament, including elected Scottish representatives, and it was decided that a Council would rule Scotland under Edward's supervision. But Robert the Bruce unexpectedly rebelled and murdered his fellow Councillors. Despite failing health, Edward once again went north. He died en route to Scotland at Burgh-On-Sands, Cumbria at the age of 68. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Edward II.

Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England
DEATH7 Jul 1307 (aged 68)
Burgh-by-Sands, City of Carlisle, Cumbria, England

Obviously I want to learn more about this great grandfather times 23 greats.

Early fourteenth-century manuscript initial showing Edward and his wife Eleanor. The artist has perhaps tried to depict Edward's blepharoptosis, a trait he inherited from his father (drooping left eyelid) (Wikepedia)

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Joan of Acre, English Royalty

Joan of Acre #23 great grandmother.

English Royalty. The daughter of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, she was born at Acre, Isreal while her father was on crusade. She married Gilbert of Clare, 3rd earl of Gloucester on April 30, 1290 at Westminster Abbey. They had 4 children before Gilbert's death in 1295. She then married Ralph Monthermer, 1st baron Monthermer, a knight in her household, in 1297 without her father's consent. Enraged at his daughter's lowly second marriage, Edward I had Monthermer thrown in prison. Joan begged for his release, and the king relented, giving Monthermer the title earl of Gloucester. Joan died at her manor in Clare at the age of 35. Though the exact cause of her death is unknown, some historians have recently theorized she may have died giving birth to a fifth child by Monthermer. The remains of an altar recess on the ruins of the south wall of the abbey are thought to be Joan's tomb. A friar reported that in 1359, Joan's daughter Elizabeth DeBurgh inspected her mother's tomb and found the remains to be incorrupt. Since then, there have been reports of miraculous healing of toothache, fever, and back pain there.

Acre, HaTzafon (Northern District), Israel
DEATH23 Apr 1307 (aged 34–35)
Clare, St Edmundsbury Borough, Suffolk, England
BURIAL ClareSt Edmundsbury BoroughSuffolkEngland  
PLOTSt. Peter ad Vincula, The Tower of London, London, England
MEMORIAL ID12535626 · View Source
At her burial plot:
Here in 1307 was buried Joan of Acre, Countess of Glovester, daughter of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile.
In the plot neaby are buried Lionel Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III and Phiippa of Bainault (?) who died in 1368
and Eizabeth (?) his wife great granddaughter of Joan of Acre who died in 1363

Monday, November 12, 2018

Elisabeth de Clare # 21 great grandmother

As I taked about Theobald de Verdun #21 I found his second wife was
... Elizabeth de Clare #21, the daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, #22 and Joan of England, #22 the daughter of King Edward I, #23. She was the widow of John de Burgh, who died in a skirmish on the 18th of June 1313. They had one daughter, Isabel #20, who would marry Henry de Ferrers #20.
More details from her listing on Find a Grave...(I've added the #'s for the numbers of greats in my grandparents.)

Elizabeth de Clare #21 was the heiress to the lordships of Clare, Suffolk in England and Usk in Wales. She was one of three daughters of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, #22 and Joan of Acre #22, and sister of the infant fourth earl, also Gilbert de Clare. She accompanied her brother Gilbert to Ireland for their double wedding to two siblings: the son and daughter of the Earl of Ulster. Elizabeth married John de Burgh on 30 September 1308 at Waltham Abbey, in the King's presence

He was the heir to the Earl of Ulster, and Elizabeth could expect to be a countess. She gave birth to their only child, a son, in 1312; he would become William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster. Only a year later, her husband John was suddenly killed in a minor skirmish. Now a widow, Elizabeth remained in Ireland until another family tragedy demanded her return.
Her brother Gilbert was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 aged only 23 and, as he left no surviving issue and had no brothers, his property was equally divided between his three full sisters, Elizabeth, Eleanor and Margaret. Suddenly Elizabeth was one of the greatest heiresses in England. Her uncle, King Edward II, recalled her to the land of her birth so he could select a husband for her. She left Ireland in 1316, leaving behind her young son, William. Elizabeth never returned.

Elizabeth married secondly on February 4, 1315/6, near Bristol, against the King's will and without his licence, Sir Theobald De Verdun #21, of Alton, Stafford County, [Lord Verdun], who died at Alton Castle, July 27, and was buried September 19, 1316, in Croxden Abbey. They had one daughter Isabel de Verdun #20.

She married her third and last husband Sir Roger Damory, 1st baron Damory, about April 1317. He was condemned to death on March 14, 1322 at Tutbury Castle, Staffordshire County, England. They had one daughter Elizabeth Damory

She took a vow of chastity after Roger's death, effectively removing herself from the aristocratic marriage market. She enjoyed a long and fruitful widowhood, becoming patroness of many religious houses. Elizabeth is best remembered for having used much of her fortune to found Clare College, Cambridge.
She was buried with her third husband Roger Damory at St Mary's, Ware, Hertford County, England

Sunday, November 11, 2018

Other female lines as I search through history

To consider the various wives and mothers, let's start with one of the eldest of our great grandfathers and what we may know about his female relations.

Sir Robert de Valoynes #22 (about 1254-1281) married Eva (either de la Peche or Criketot). The ancestry geneologists are debating which family she belonged to.  Sir Robert #22 governed from the Orford Castle which King Edward I had deeded to him.   Sir Robert #22 and Eva's daughter was Cecileia Valoynes (Valoines) #21 (1285-1325) who brought her wealth to the Ufford family when she married.

A knight practicing jousting skills in modern times

Orford Castle Keep

Cecelia and Sir Robert de Ufford #21 had son, Sir Robert de Ufford, First Earl of Suffolk #20, (1298-1369) who married Margaret de Norwich #20 (1300-1375).

We only know the names of her parents, without any dates.  Sir Walter of Norwich #21 (born around 1280 and died after 1304) buried in Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, Norfolk Eng. His wife was Catherine Hedersete #21 (about 1280 - after 1304). Their birth and death dates are guesses based on the birth dates of their 2 daughters, 1300 and 1304.

So coming back down the line, the daughter of Sir Robert de Ufford #20 and Margaret de Norwich #20 was Margaret de Ufford #19 who married Sir William de Ferrers #19, (1332-1371.)

I don't think I gave a fair exploration of Sir William #19's family, nor his wife's Margaret de Ufford de Ferrers here we go again.

His father was Henry de Ferrers #20, (1303-1343). Henry #20 was born and died in Groby, Hinckley and Bosworth Borough, Leicestershire, England.  He was buried UlverscroftCharnwood BoroughLeicestershireEngland

Son of William de Ferrers #21 and Ellen Seagrave #21. Husband of Isabel de Verdun, #20 married before 20 Feb 1331. Father of Sir William de Ferrers #19,  Phillipa de Ferrers (Mrs Guy de Beauchamp) and Elizabeth de Ferrers (Mrs David de Strathbogie.) Also father of Henry de Ferrers by an unknown mistress.
2nd Lord Ferrers of Groby, Fenny Drayton, Waltham, Leichestershire, Stebbing, Woodham Ferrers, Essex, Chapel Brampton, Northamptonshire. Chamberlain to the King (Edward III), Keeper of Berwick Upon Tweed, Justice of Chester, Keeper of the Channel Islands. 
Henry #20 was summoned to Parliament 1330 to 1338. He accompanied the king to Ireland in 1331, but was one of the 'disinherited" who took part in Edward de Baliol's invasion of Scotland in 1332. He received a pardon in 1338 for all offenses, including the capture of Roger de Mortimer. He was with the King at the Battle of Sluys in 1340. His wife, Isabel #20 died of the pestilence (the Black Death) of 1349.

Source: Find a Grave UK and Ireland

Pardon me if I go up Isabel de Verdun #20's ancestry for the next leg of my search. She seems interesting, and I know William de Ferrers #21 will also be as well as his wife - maybe next post.

Isabel de Verdun #20

BIRTH 21 MAR 1315  Amesbury, Wiltshire Unitary Authority, Wiltshire, England

DEATH 25 JUL 1349 (AGED 34)  Groby, Hinckley and Bosworth Borough, Leicestershire, England

Her father was Sir Theobold de Verdun #21 (1278-1316).
The following biography is from his Find a Grave UK site.:

Knight, 2nd Lord Verdun of Alton, Staffordshire, of Weobley Herefordshire, of Franham Verdon, Buckinghamshire and of Wilsford, Wiltshire. Hereditary Constable of Ireland, Justiciar of Ireland, hereditary patron of Croxden Abbey.

Second but eldest surviving son of Thebaud de Verdun and Margery de Bohun. Grandson of John de Verdun and Margery de Lacy, daughter of Gilbert. Grandson of Humphrey de Bohun and Eleanor de Brewes.

Husband of Maud de Mortimer, married 29 July 1302 at Wigmore, Herefordshire. Maud was the daughter of Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 1st Lord Mortimer, a descendant of King John and Margaret de Fiennes, daughter of William and descendant of King Henry II. Her maritagium included the Castle and Manor of Dunamase in Ireland. They had four daughters:
* Joan, wife of Sir Thomas de Furnival
* Elizabeth, wife of Sir Bartholomew de Burghersh
* Margery, wife of Sir John Crophill
* Katherine

Theobald was knighted by the King in Northumberland on 24 June 1298. He fought in the second line at Falkirk July of 1298. Summoned to Parliament 1299 to 1315 as Theobaldo de Verdun junior, where as he became Lord Verdun. 

Maud died at Alton, Staffordshire on the 17th or 18th of Sept 1312 after childbirth and buried at Croxden Abbey.

Theobald married again, to Elizabeth de Clare #21, the daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester #22 and Joan of England #22 the daughter of King Edward I #23. She was the widow of John de Burgh, who died in a skirmish on the 18th of June 1313. They had one daughter,  #20, who would marry Henry de Ferrers #20.

Theobald would die estate at Alton, Staffordshire. His widow would remarry Sir Roger D'Amory by 1317.

#68807235 · Find a Grave, possibly Croxdon Abbey
I will have to stop here for today...needless to say I want to look further into the royal roots of the family which were just spelled out.

Saturday, November 10, 2018

21st -23rd great grandparents

Robert de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk #20's mother was Cicely de Valognes #21.
She was daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert de Valoignes #22 (d.1281) and Eva (de La Pecche) #22 (or Eva Criketot #22.)

Orford Castle Keep, granted to Sir Ufford, First Earl of Suffolk #20  in perpetuity by Edward III in 1336. (It had been governed by his mother's family the de Valoines since Edward I.)

Robert Earl of Suffolk #20's father was Sir Robert de Ufford #21 (11 June 1279-1316).
He was summoned to parliament as a baron between 1308 and 1311. Sir Robert #21 had had 6 sons. His first son, William died without issue before his father, so Robert #20 became his heir.

Ufford Coat of Arms

And Sir Robert #21's father (only parent that we know of) was the first Robert de Ufford #22 (birth about 1250 - 1298) "who was a younger son of a Suffolk landowner John de Peyton #23, and this Robert #22 "was the founder of the greatness of the family."
Robert #22 assumed his surname from his lordship of Ufford in Suffolk, and attended Edward I on his crusade. Between 1276 and 1281 he acted as justice of Ireland. He was instructed by Edward I to introduce English law into Ireland...he also built the castle of Roscommon 'at countless cost.' (He was replaced as justice in 1281)... since Ufford 'by reason of his infirmities could not perform his duties.' He died in 1298.
Source: Dictionary of Biographies Vol 20, p.10, Ufford, publication of Ancestry.)
Roscommon Castle, Ireland

I'm including photo copies of the Robert Ufford details in the publication I just cited.  It's extensive!
Page 9, Dict. of Bios Robert Ufford at bottom of r. column

Page 10, Dict. of Bios  - Robert Ufford 

Page 11, Dict. of Bios  - Robert Ufford 

Page 12, Dict. of Bios  - Robert Ufford 

Page 13, Dict. of Bios  - Robert Ufford 

Ruins of Roscommon Castle

Roscommon Castle is located on a hillside just outside the town. Now in ruins, the castle is quadrangular in shape, it had four corner D-shaped towers, three storeys high, and twin towers at its entrance gateway, one of which still retains its immensely sturdy vaulted roof. The entire castle was enclosed by a lofty curtain wall. It was built in 1269 by Robert de UffordJusticiar of Ireland, on lands he had seized from the Augustinian Priory.[3] The castle had a most chequered history. It was besieged by Connacht King Aodh Ó Conchobhair in 1272.  Eight years later it was again in the hands of an English garrison, and fully repaired. By 1340 the O'Connor's regained possession of it... (Source: Wikepedia)

Friday, November 9, 2018

A few more details about the de Uffords of Suffolk

Repitions but more information on the Ufford tree...
Robert, Lord of Ufford, First Earl of Suffolk #20 (10 Aug 1298- 4 Nov 1369).
Coat of Arms, First Earl of Suffolk

He was the second but eldest surviving son of Sir Robert de Ufford #21.  (Source Dictionary of Biographies Vol. 20)
Robert, Lord of Ufford, First Earl of Suffolk #20's wife was 

Margaret de Norwich. #20
- the daughter of Sir Walter de Norwich #21 and Catherine de Hedersete #21. She married, firstly, Thomas de Cailly, 1st and last Lord Cailly, son of Adam de Cailly and Emma de Tateshal. She married, secondly, Robert d'Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk, son of Sir Robert d'Ufford, Lord Ufford and Cecily de Valoignes, circa 1320. She died in 1368. She was buried at Campsey Priory, Suffolk, 
England. (Find a Grave)

in Mettingham, Waveney District, Suffolk, England
DEATH2 Apr 1368 (aged 67–68)
Suffolk, England
BURIAL Campsey AshSuffolk Coastal DistrictSuffolkEngland
(Find a Grave UK information)
Campsey Priory
Going back to the parents of Sir Robert de Ufford #20...
His mother was Cicely de Valognes #21.

His father was Sir Robert de Ufford #21 (11 June 1279-1316)  I'll be talking about the 21st great grandparents next.

Tuesday, November 6, 2018

Some guesswork in early 14th century

Sir Henry Ferrers #18 has a birth and death date given on Ancestry, 1355-1388. He was my 18th great grandfather. (I've added the number of greats that he represents, so I can keep straight which Sir Henry Ferrers he was.)

We have names for his parents, but no dates.  So it's guesswork time.  I've figured his parents must have been born around 1335, and died after his birth (obviously, so sometime after 1355.)

His father was William de Ferrers #19 (about 1335-after 1355) and his mother was Margaret de Ufford #19 (about 1335-after 1355.)  I found real dates with several Find A Grave UK And Ireland listings. Most are substantiated by an excellent Dictionary of Biography covering the de Ufford family.

And there's a Find a Grave listing for Sir William de Ferrers  #19 (follows)

William became 3rd Baron of Groby at the age of 9, but quickly gained seizin of his holdings, with an annuity of £50 at age 12 and licence of the moiety of his manors by age 17. Two years later he was knighted, paid his knights fee and his homage to the King, and received livery of all his parents former lands in England and Ireland. Military prowess was the measure of such advancement, and he joined Prince Edward's command (the future Edward III) in time for the 1355 campaign in Gascony. The following year he was in the Earl of Suffolk's command at the Battle of Poitiers.

His father had been a stalwart of Edward II, and William showed conspicuous ambition, undertaking to join the King for several years of campaigning in France, and was exepmted from Royal levies on his holdings in compensation-- a sure sign of high favor in times where Edward II was so beset by rivalries and outright threats to his rule, that he had episodes of paranoia.  

Unlike many of his descendants, who had to cover all contingencies during the chaos after Edward III's reign, William had no appetite for conspiracy, and busied himself in further military service-- but he chafed for action during the brief intervals of peace, showing at least one element of the complex and fractious temperment that was to thrive in coming generations when nuance was the norm, and loyalties were sworn with undisclosed contingencies in mind.

He rose in station, marrying the daughter of his patron the Earl of Essex, Margaret de Ufford, and his son Henry grew up in the "family business" of that Lord, which was the practiced study and vigorous prosecution of war-- and did justice to the advantages of his breeding and training, during the long and expansionist reign of Edward III.

His wife, Margaret de Ufford #19, has parents notated (again without dates.) But I'm in luck because there are 14 hints given through Ancestry for her father, Robert de Ufford #20, and some for her mother as well, Margaret de Norwich #20 (1300-3 Sept 1375).  So I'm going to go winnow out the ones for the wrong century and see if any actually help me out.

Robert, Lord of Ufford Earl van Suffolk #20 (10 Aug 1298- 4 Nov 1369)

From Find a Grave UK and Ireland:

Campsey AshSuffolk Coastal DistrictSuffolkEngland
Robert d'afford #20, 1st Earl of Suffolk, KG (10 August 1298 – 4 November 1369) was born in Thurston, Suffolk, England to Robert d'Ufford #21 and Cecily de Valises #21. 

On 13 November 1334 he married Margaret de Norwich #20, daughter of Sir Walter Norwich  #21 and Catherine de Hedersete #21
They had four children. He was made Earl of Suffolk in 1337.
1.Lady Catharine d'Ufford (born c. 1317, date of death unknown) married Sir Robert de Scales, 3rd Baron Scales
2.Lady Cecily d'Ufford (born c. 1327 – died before 29 March 1372 she married John Willoughby
3.Lady Margaret d'afford # 19 (born c. 1330 – died before 25 May 1368) she married Sir William Ferrers #19, 3rd Baron Ferrers of Groby
4.William d'Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (1339–1382) married Lady Joan de Montacute,

(from Find a Grave UK, also in Dictionary of Biographies, Vol. 20)